From the BLS: Job Openings and Labor Turnover Summary
The number of job openings edged down to 8.8 million on the last business day of July, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the month, the number of hires and total separations changed
little at 5.8 million and 5.5 million, respectively. Within separations, quits (3.5 million) decreased, while
layoffs and discharges (1.6 million) changed little.
The following graph shows job openings (black line), hires (dark blue), Layoff, Discharges and other (red column), and Quits (light blue column) from the JOLTS.
This series started in December 2000.
Note: The difference between JOLTS hires and separations is similar to the CES (payroll survey) net jobs headline numbers. This report is for July; the employment report this Friday will be for August.
Note that hires (dark blue) and total separations (red and light blue columns stacked) are usually pretty close each month. This is a measure of labor market turnover. When the blue line is above the two stacked columns, the economy is adding net jobs – when it is below the columns, the economy is losing jobs.
The spike in layoffs and discharges in March 2020 is labeled, but off the chart to better show the usual data.
Jobs openings decreased in July to 8.83 million from 9.17 million in June.
Quits were down 12% year-over-year. These are voluntary separations. (See light blue columns at bottom of graph for trend for “quits”).